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Britain designated Mach 2007 for a formal commemoration of her slave trading past, with a focus on the Imperial British Parliament‘s enactment of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act, on 25 March 1807.

 

That two hundred year Act was intended to forbid British citizens capturing,   transporting and enslaving African peoples, including their removal in their millions from Africa by sea to British owned plantations in the Americas and Caribbean.

 

According to a recent British newspaper article:  “Estimates vary that between 10 and 28 million Africans were sent to the Americas and sold into slavery between 1450 and the early 19th century. By then Britain was the dominant trader, transporting more than 300,000 slaves a year in shackles on disease-ridden boats.” This conservative estimate of 28 million is disputed, certainty by the UNESCO Conference held at  Porte de Prince, Haiti, in the Caribbean, on 31st January 1978  to 4th February 1978. The number given at that Conference was 210 million.

 

 Although the Act of 1807 made it illegal to engage in the slave trade throughout the British colonies, trafficking between the Caribbean islands continued, regardless, until 1811.

 

As a prelude to 2007, the British Prime Minister  was reported to have expressed ‘Sorrow’ over the slave trade, but pointed out that slave trading was ‘legal’ at the time. This is a safe guard and a defence mechanism  against  African slave descendents making  legal reparations claims against the descendents and their institutions, like Lloyds of London and others,  that benefited from the African slave trade.

 

Five hundred years of British slavery, colonisations and material exploitations, of the African Black peoples cannot be healed and put behind us by mere platitudes.

 

Contrition without meaningful reparations is empty gesture. You break it. You fix it.

 

Reparations for wrongs are enshrined in the psyche of civilised European and other civilised people, during the past and present, as are clearly demonstrated in reparations recipients of the Korean victims of Japanese aggressions, the Jewish victims of the Nazi aggressions and the Kuwaiti victims of the Iraqi aggressions, naming only a few modern examples of successful reparations claims against state sanctioned actions against humanity.

 

Suggestions that mere word of ‘sorrow’ are adequate compensation for the enslavement and dehumanisation  of Black Africans over several centuries, with associated consequences, including the legacies of racism, poverty and the retardation of nation building,  are crude deception and the perpetuation of old style  racism, profit motives and commercial greed, which contributed to the beginning of slavery in the first place, by 15th century through to 19th century barbaric European slave traders, including those of the Arab nations, masquerading as enlightened  people of the time. Posterities of colluding African chiefs, through coercion or otherwise, have no visible or lasting wealth today on which to make reparations claims. European colonisations have long ago reclaimed African lands and wealth, during the late 19th and 20th  century.

 

Thee can be no meaningful forgiveness, in all conscience of humanity’s greatest evil, perpetrated against Black Africans, during the second millennium of our common era, without meaningful reparations by the ancestors of wrong doers, who profited for their deeds. There is no statute of limitation for murder.

 

‘Sorrow’ is not the same as an explicit apology, backed up with reparations. You breached the rhythms of African development. You have a duty and responsibility, therefore, to fix it. Words are not enough. Unless you fix it, your apparent prosperity so far is likely to decline, taken by those whose hands are not steeped in African blood and pain.

 

‘Sorrow’ means repentance, and repentance carries actions of amendments. If the British Government, or any nation with historical responsibility for enslaving African peoples, is saying ‘sorry’, some of its actions of redemption are:

· Reparations to slave victims, in this case, posterities of those who suffered the Atlantic and Arabic Slave Trade;

 

· There must be a start with full and complete support for changes in the World Trade Rules, at the World Trade Organisation which currently hinder Africans world wide to exchange their goods on the world market equitably. Current build-in discriminatory trade rules are barriers to Africans and other so called ‘Developing Nations’, who are unable to trade out of poverty. If a people cannot trade their natural resources to gain wealth, they will remain dependent on others, in this case “the old redundant slave masters and their posterities; and

 

· Reduce or remove western debt burden from the necks and backs of African and Developing nations.

 

Destiny has a way of upsetting well laid plans by unjust planners. A new World Economy is rising from the East, China. Currently, the Chinese Nation is purchasing commodities at market, and at times above market, prices, from African and Developing Nations, without China’s interference in her trading partners’ internal affairs. China does not have the historical baggage of enslaving, trading or colonising Africans.

 

China’s role in Africa,  since Chairman Moa Ze Dong, during the 1960s and 1970s, is support and building infrastructural and capital projects, like the Tanzanian Railway, during the 1970, at a fraction of the cost quoted by western firms at the time. The Project was completed in record time. 

 

The Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), also called the UHURU railway from the Swahili word for Freedom, was established in the 1970s to build a railway to serve landlocked Zambia as an alternative to rail lines via apartheid-controlled Rhodesia and South Africa.

 

The railroad was a turn-key project financed and executed by the People's Republic of China (PRC). Construction was started in 1970 and operation commenced six years later. The line starts at the port of Dar-es-Salaam and crosses Tanzania in a south-west direction. It was built through a rather uninhabited area. Later there has been industrial development along the line, a Hydroelectric powerplant at Kidatu and a paper mill at Rufiji. The line then crosses the TAN-ZAM highway at Makambako and runs parallel toward Mbeya and the Zambian border, enters Zambia, and links to Zambia Railways at Kapiri Mposhi. Total length is 1,860 km and the final altitude is 1,400m.

Total costs were about 500 million dollars, making it the largest foreign-aid project ever undertaken by the PRC.

Equally, during World Trade Organisation’s negotiations on adopting, making or amending current ground rules for world trade, the record again shows that China sided with developing nations generally, and supported demands for fair trade agreements that would benefit Africa and developing nations.

 

This Chinese approach is making a difference, particularly in Africa, where the Africans, trading with China, can begin to plan ahead with optimism of sustainable wealth creation, based on trading their goods and services for fair and equitable exchanges..

 

Contrast this with Europe and the some Arabs nations, who have got a long history of dabbling into Africa affairs, on the pretences of bringing ‘development’ and/or ‘enlightenment’, through religious conversions, hegemonic education, including replacing many native languages with European and Arabic scripts, cheap trade and offering of charity, in the blaze of world publicity.

 

Looking fifty years ahead, working with the Chinese approach to trade agreements and  aids distribution in Africa and the Developing World, one visualizes fundamental changes for Africa and the Developing World, which are expected to place them at that point in history, where they can begin to think like independent and more developed nations. Many African countries have vast resources’, which Nature provided, prime and available assets for exchange for goods and services. Developing nations should then be able to plan effective and viable industrial strategies with their trading partners, on equal footings, for mutual benefits of their populations. 

 

This business of ‘Apology and Reparations’ is within  the interests of Europe and those nations who participated and benefited from slavery and its historical atrocities, trafficking in innocent human beings, Africans, to so called ‘New World’, and Arabia. If one needs to be reminded, there is no statute of limitation for kidnapping and murder. Kidnapping and murder were part and parcel of the enslavement of African peoples for 400 years, and later followed by one hundred years of colonisation and imperialism.

 

Moreover, today, many Africans at home and abroad, lay charges against those who did this wrong and who have not yet been able to repair the breach.

 

Teacher H.M. Maulana  is an Historian, Chairman of the Afrikan World Reparations and Repatriation Truth Commission and Author of many books,  including “The Theft of African Civilazation: And Its Ramification Towards the Year 2001 A.D.”  Teacher Maulana is based in Accra Ghana, West Africa.

 

 In  his thesis of 2001, under the title “AFRIKANS DID YOU KNOW”, on behalf of his African ancestors, Teacher Maulana laid seventeen serious charges against ‘Aryan-White Race (Americans, Europeans, Ash-ke-nazis, and by extension, Arabs and African collaborators)’ , who were historical slavers  of the African peoples. These charges, based on 400 years of crimes against humanity, are extended to the slavers’ posterities, who refused to make amends today for their ancestors’ actions against the African peoples.

 

One of these charges is – “In 1503 A.D. Catholic Bishop Bartolome de las Casas, with the approval of the Pope in Rome, sanctioned the imprisonment of Black African captives as slaves to be taken by Aryan-White European nations to the New World (Americas). This very diabolical act resulted in the murdering death of 210 millions Black Africans by Aryan-White nations, during its 400 years operation (Source: UNESCO Summary Conference, 31st January 1978  to 4th February 1978, held at Porte de Prince, Haiti, in the Caribbean. This was published by New African Magazine, March 2000. No. 383, page 8, London, England.)”  Teacher Maulana also laid charges against the same for the colonisation of the African peoples from 19th to the 20th century. 

 

 

On metaphysical matters, Teacher Maulana, Egyptologist, focused our attention on “the prophesies inside the King’s Chamber of Kufu’s Pyramid, located at Giza,  known as ‘The Chambers of The Judgement of Nations – The Last Judgement”, where 4000 years ago, Egyptian priests-scientists, Africans,  predicted the transportation of their African peoples as slave by ships across the oceans, where they would remained in slave bondage  for 400 years, actions that would have consequential affects on humanity’s development. Teacher Maulana, believed that, if no repentance and reparations put in place, by the posterities of those who enslaved Africans,  the ancient priests had also predicted the ‘punishments’ that will be handed down.

 

Teacher Maulana believed that the  UN World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, held in Durban, South Africa from 31 August to 7 September 2000 was the ‘last Judgment for the enslavers ..to pay reparations… for their heinous crimes, during the trans Atlantic Slave Trade. They refused to pay.  To enslaved any part of humanity, in the brutal and inhuman way experienced by African at the time, including murder, rape and other inhuman treatments, and years later refused  to make amends is a serious blasphemy in the face of  ”God Almighty or the Creator of the Universe”. They refused in Durban during 31 August 2000 and 7 September 2000. The USA and State of Israel delegates reported to have walked out of the Conference with disdain  by the suggestion that there must be an apology and reparations paid for wrong actions against humanity. Those of use who know a little about contemporary history will not miss observing the Colossian irony of the reported action of these delegates.

 

In supporting his thesis, Teacher Maulana  drew heavily  on ancient Egyptian priests’ wall writings  “inside the divine megalith,  at which constructed ‘Chronological Line of Prophecy’, was chiselled in stone along the walls, covering 6000 years, which foretold events from 4000 B.C.E to 2001 A.D.

 

Teacher Maulana continued “the ’Line’ begins at the Pyramid’s base and ascend upward through the ‘Grand Gallery’ up to the King’s Chamber, ending in the year 1953. Then, the ‘Line’ continues down the Descending Passage, terminating in a dark subterranean room, called the Chamber of Chaos, terminating in the year 17th September 2001 A.D. In this room are graphics showing horrific signs of chaos and destructions in the Northern and Western Hemisphere. Between the years 1953 up to 2001, the Pyramid has no writing, signalling a period of silence and ‘judgment’”.

 

The attack on the World Trade Centre on 11th September 2001, therefore, was no surprise to Teacher Maulana. That action triggered the beginning of the ‘punishment to those who arrogantly refused to amend their diabolical action against humanity, the enslavement of the African peoples, over a sustained period.

The UN World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance demonstrated that the mind-set of the 15th-19th century slavers remained strong among their posterities, and as such current posterities are equally guilty of their ancestor’s actions, Teacher Maulana’s logical progression.

 

What has happened, and is now escalating in the Middle East needs no prophetic interpretation. The so called ‘War On terror’, brought terror to many citizens across the world.  Civilians have shown to be the main victims in this war, from the actions on the World Trade Centre on 11th September 2001 to the apparent slighter of Palestinians, Lebanese, Iraqi, and Sudanese civilians.

 

The UN, the Body entrusted by the World population to maintain world peace, on the face of it, seems ineffectual, and progressively so, to the extent that the UN is being viewed by many as ‘a tool for some of the permanent vetoing members of the Security Council’.

 

The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. The Court's workload is characterised by a wide range of judicial activity. Its main functions are to settle legal disputes submitted to it by states and to give advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorised international organs and agencies. The number of decisions made by the ICJ has been relatively small, but there has clearly been an increased willingness to use the Court since the 1980s, especially among developing countries, although the USA withdrew from compulsory jurisdiction in 1986, meaning it accepts the court's jurisdiction on only a case-to-case basis.

The defendants who appeared before ICC are mostly leaders of small developing nations, whose people are struggling to survive, in light of foreign covert interference in their internal affairs, setting one group against the next, the same type of tactics were used by slavers and their African collaborators, throughout the 15th and 19th century, in order to destabilise and capture African villagers and made them slaves in ‘the new world and Arabic lands’.

 

The accused leaders or ex-leaders, particularly Africans, of small nations appearing before the ICC do not manufacture or sold weapons of any sort.  Meanwhile, one of the World’s big players, the United States of America, whose foreign policies are felt world wide, gives scant recognition to the International Court of Justice, and as such it cannot be brought to book for some of its destructive actions and the support of the same across the world.

 

Teacher Maulana – “The handwriting is on the wall for those can see. The Year 2001 A.D. marked the beginning of the re-emergence of Black African Civilisations, and the fall of Western (Aryan-White) Civilisation. This statement is a fact that is unfolding before our very eyes, worldwide. The inevitability of this happening can be judged and drawn from the metamorphosis of African peoples’ global struggles, for redemption over the past 50 years or so.”

 

Teacher Maulana continued: “There are some old African proverbs that say: ‘The devil-Satan is  a great planner, but, God Almighty is a greater planner than the devil-Satan’; ‘God’s time is the best time!’;  ‘Man proposes, but God disposes!’; and ‘No situation is permanent!’”

 

The historical levels of wrong doings  perpetrated against Great African Nations, which are current in different forms, cannot dissipate without proper corrections by those who are responsible.

 

An Eye Witness Account of 18th Century Atlantic Slave Trade

 

“Now that the whole ship’s cargo  were confined together, it became absolutely pestilential. The closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate… almost suffocated us...The shrieks of the women, and the groans of the dying rendered it a scene of horror almost inconceivable...I began to hope that death would soon put an end to my miseries.” 

- Olaudah Ecuiano, 1745-1797, sold from Africa into New World Slavery at age 12.  Olaudah was an Ebo from what is now modern Nigeria, in Africa. He regained his freedom and wrote a book  The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. about his life’s experiences. 

“Contrition without meaningful reparations is empty gesture.”

Editorial:

Text Box: Reparations Now 
Celebrations Later

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Last up-dated December 2006.

 

 

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______________

1807-2007

 

Britain Commemorates  the Bicentenary

 of  The Slave Trade Abolition  Act 1807.

 

One of the Black Community’s Contributions -

 

“Cries of Our Kidnapped Afrikan Ancestors”

 

 

 

________________

Beliefs and Commentaries

 

“All faith is FALSE, all faith is TRUE.

TRUTH is the shattered mirrors strewn In myriad bits; while each BELIEVES

His LITTLE BIT the whole to own.”

 

From “The Kasidah of Hji Abu el-Yezdi”, as translated by Sir Richard F. Burton

 

Home

Publications and

Reviews

 Health Issues

HIV/Aids & Creators

Profiles

(Legends in their fields)          

Education and Training

Community Matters

The Environment

Sports

Films,

Music & Entertainment

Youth & the Survival Game in Britain (YSGB)

Short Story &   Writers’ Forum

What is Pan-Africanism

Editorial

Resident and Guest Correspondents

 

______________

1807-2007

 

Britain Commemorates  the Bicentenary

 of  The Slave Trade Abolition  Act 1807.

 

One of the Black Community’s Contributions -

 

“Cries of Our Kidnapped Ancestors”

 

 

 

________________

Beliefs and Commentaries

 

“All faith is FALSE, all faith is TRUE.

TRUTH is the shattered mirrors strewn In myriad bits; while each BELIEVES

His LITTLE BIT the whole to own.”

 

From “The Kasidah of Hji Abu el-Yezdi”, as translated by Sir Richard F. Burton